SEER Regulations in Michigan Changed in 2023 — Here’s What It Means for You
To help reduce energy consumption throughout the U.S., as of Jan. 1, 2023, the U.S. Department of Energy has outlined new minimum energy-efficiency standards for all new HVAC systems.
As part of the North region, this means homeowners in Michigan who will be upgrading their heating or cooling systems in the near future may have to pay slightly more upfront for a system with higher efficiency. Still, some of that extra cost can be earned back through lower utility bills each month for the life of the system.
What’s the New Regulation in Michigan?
In Michigan, any HVAC system manufactured after Jan. 1 must meet higher SEER, HSPF, or AFUE ratings. At the same time, new SEER2, HSPF2, and EER2 ratings have been introduced that more accurately reflect the real-world performance of HVAC equipment.
For instance, an air conditioning system that has a SEER of 14 would have a SEER2 of 13.4 under the new standards.
The minimum energy efficiency ratings for each type of system as of Jan. 1, 2023, are:
- Split-system air conditioners: New ACs must have a seasonal energy efficiency ratio (SEER) of 14 or a SEER2 of 13.4, up from a 13 SEER minimum. The most efficient systems available are rated at 20 SEER or higher.
- Split-system heat pumps in cooling mode: New heat pumps must have a SEER or 15.0 or a SEER2 of 14.3, up from a 14 SEER minimum in cooling mode. The best systems offer a SEER of 20 or higher.
- Split-system heat pumps in heating mode: Heat pumps must have a heating seasonal performance factor (HSPF) of 8.8 or an HSPF2 of 7.5, up from a minimum of 8.2 HSPF in heating mode. The most efficient heat pumps offer an HSPF of 10 or above.
- Furnaces: Furnaces must have an annual fuel utilization efficiency (AFUE) of 81%, up from a minimum of 80% AFUE. The most efficient furnaces and boilers offer an AFUE of 97% or higher.
- Single packaged HVAC units: Packaged ACs, heat pumps, gas electric units, or dual-fuel heat pumps must have minimum ratings of 14 SEER or 13.4 SEER2 in cooling mode, or 8.0 HSPF or 6.7 HSPF2 in heating mode.
These higher energy-efficiency ratings will help consumers reduce their energy consumption and utility bills. Choosing a system above the minimum ratings can reduce your energy costs even more. Nationwide, these new ratings can significantly reduce carbon output, helping the environment.
In Michigan and the North region, systems manufactured before Jan. 1 can still be installed, allowing HVAC companies to clear out existing inventory while providing consumers a chance to save money on a new heating or cooling installation while supplies last.
Benefits of Upgrading Your HVAC System
A new HVAC system with higher SEER, HSPF, or AFUE ratings can provide many benefits for your home and family, including:
- Improved comfort and air quality
- Lower energy consumption and utility costs
- Greater reliability than an older, less-efficient system
- Quieter operation
- A new manufacturer’s warranty
- Valuable features like zoning and Wi-Fi thermostats
HVAC Installation in Western Michigan
Are you considering a new HVAC system for your home in Western Michigan? Take advantage of the new energy-efficiency standards to lower your energy costs by calling Service Professor. We offer heating and air conditioning installations throughout Grand Rapids, Kalamazoo, Lansing, and surrounding areas.
Our skilled HVAC technicians can recommend the best system for your needs, and we provide free estimates on HVAC replacements and financing options for qualified buyers. With over 40 years of experience, upfront pricing, and a 100% satisfaction guarantee, you can be confident your new HVAC system will offer excellent performance and efficiency.
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